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Editor-in-chief
Maria Stella Graziani

Deputy Director
Martina Zaninotto

Associate Editors
Ferruccio Ceriotti
Davide Giavarina
Bruna Lo Sasso
Giampaolo Merlini
Martina Montagnana
Andrea Mosca
Paola Pezzati
Rossella Tomaiuolo
Matteo Vidali

International Advisory Board Khosrow Adeli Canada
Sergio Bernardini Italy
Marcello Ciaccio Italy
Eleftherios Diamandis Canada
Philippe Gillery France
Kjell Grankvist Sweden
Hans Jacobs The Netherlands
Eric Kilpatrick UK
Magdalena Krintus Poland
Giuseppe Lippi Italy
Mario Plebani Italy
Sverre Sandberg Norway
Ana-Maria Simundic Croatia
Tommaso Trenti Italy
Cas Weykamp The Netherlands
Maria Willrich USA
Paul Yip Canada


Publisher
Biomedia srl
Via L. Temolo 4, 20126 Milano

Responsible Editor
Giuseppe Agosta

Editorial Secretary
Andrea di Bello
Biomedia srl
Via L. Temolo 4, 20126 Milano
Tel. 0245498282
email: biochimica.clinica@sibioc.it

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ISSN print: 0393 – 0564
ISSN digital: 0392- 7091



Articoli con TAG: interferenza analitica

Interferenza analitica sul conteggio dei leucociti
Analytical interference on leucocyte count
<p>Chronic lymphoproliferative disorders typically affect elderly patients with a median age at the diagnosis of 71 years. These disorders include a number of conditions characterized by an abnormal proliferation of lymphocytes towards a monoclonal lymphocytosis. The case of an 83-year-old man affected by chronic lymphocytic leukemia is presented; the peripheral blood cells count, performed on the analyzer Sysmex XN-20, showed significant differences between the white nucleated red (WNR) and white differentiation (WDF) channels that did not allow the differential counting of leukocytes. On the opposite, the reflex analysis channel white progenitor cell (WPC), returned the correct white blood cell count. Actually, when the peripheral blood sample was diluted (1:5) and resubmitted to analysis, leukocytes count resulting from WNR and WDF analysis channels corresponded to that obtained in the reflex WPC analysis channel on the undiluted sample. To verify if the instrumental anomaly found in the cell counting could be associated to an elevated plasma concentrations of immunoglobulins, a serum protein electrophoresis was performed, showing the presence of four monoclonal components. These data demonstrate that the WPC channel is an important tool for the clinical laboratory, since it is able to give a correct result even when interferents are present.</p>
Biochimica Clinica ; 17(1)
Casi Clinici - Case Report
 
Interferenza da biotina negli immunodosaggi: raccomandazioni del Gruppo di Studio SIBioC sulla Variabilità Extra-Analitica (SIBioC-VEA)
Biotin interference in immunoassays: recommendations of the SIBioC Working Group on Extra-AnalyticalVariability (WG-VEA).
<p><span style="background-color:rgb(255, 255, 255); color:rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family:sans-serif,arial,verdana,trebuchet ms; font-size:13px">Biotin is a water-soluble vitamin, which participates to a vast array of metabolic pathwaysinvolving fatty acids, carbohydrates and amino acids metabolism. This vitamin is also capable to form high-affinitybonds with various molecules, including streptavidin and avidin, which are essential components of manyimmunoassays based on the principle of biotin-streptavidin or biotin-avidin binding. In patients assuming high dosesof biotin, therefore, some competitive and non-competitive immunoassays may exhibit falsely increased and falselydecreased test results, respectively, with magnitude of interference depending on biotin concentration in the testsample and on specific vulnerability of the immunoassay. With the aim to provide some expert guidance foridentifying, preventing and managing biotin interference in clinical laboratory practice, this document contains a seriesof consensus recommendations endorsed by the Working Group on Extra-Analytical Variability of the Italian Societyof Clinical Chemistry and Clinical Molecular Biology (SIBioC). Briefly, the most important recommendationsencompass local evaluation of possible biotin interference, routine history taking on biotin intake for both inpatientsand outpatients, informing clinicians on potentially biotin-sensitive immunoassays, sample retesting 24-48 hours afterthe last biotin administration, along with possible consideration to add a note in the laboratory report highlighting themethods more vulnerable to biotin interference. Routine biotin measurement in all samples is currently discouraged.</span></p>
Biochimica Clinica ; 43(3) 327-331
Documenti SIBioC - SIBioC DOCUMENTS