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Editor-in-chief
Maria Stella Graziani

Deputy Director
Martina Zaninotto

Associate Editors
Ferruccio Ceriotti
Davide Giavarina
Bruna Lo Sasso
Giampaolo Merlini
Martina Montagnana
Andrea Mosca
Paola Pezzati
Rossella Tomaiuolo
Matteo Vidali

International Advisory Board Khosrow Adeli Canada
Sergio Bernardini Italy
Marcello Ciaccio Italy
Eleftherios Diamandis Canada
Philippe Gillery France
Kjell Grankvist Sweden
Hans Jacobs The Netherlands
Eric Kilpatrick UK
Magdalena Krintus Poland
Giuseppe Lippi Italy
Mario Plebani Italy
Sverre Sandberg Norway
Ana-Maria Simundic Croatia
Tommaso Trenti Italy
Cas Weykamp The Netherlands
Maria Willrich USA
Paul Yip Canada


Publisher
Biomedia srl
Via L. Temolo 4, 20126 Milano

Responsible Editor
Giuseppe Agosta

Editorial Secretary
Andrea di Bello
Biomedia srl
Via L. Temolo 4, 20126 Milano
Tel. 0245498282
email: biochimica.clinica@sibioc.it

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ISSN print: 0393 – 0564
ISSN digital: 0392- 7091



BC: Articoli scritti da C. Ortolani

Indagine conoscitiva sulla qualità del referto dell’esame emocromocitometrico
A survey on the quality of the hematological reporting among the Italian laboratories
<p>Introduction: the Working Groups &ldquo;Hematology&rdquo; and &ldquo;Extra-Analytical Variability&rdquo; of the Italian Society of Clinical Biochemistry (SIBioC) promoted a survey investigating the quality of the complete blood count reporting among Italian Laboratories.<br />Methods: the survey included 36 questions and was sent to all the SIBioC members. 251 laboratories participated in the survey.<br />Results: there is a full concordance in reporting the traditional parameters (leukocytes, erythrocytes and platelet count, hemoglobin, hematocrit and the calculated indices, plus the leukocytes differential count), while other relatively new parameters, like the mean platelet volume (MPV) and the platelet distribution width (PDW) are reported by 70% of the laboratories. A low percentage of laboratories (20-30%) do not report the presence of abnormal cell populations, if detected (blasts, immature granulocytes, plasma cells, prolymphocytes and erythroblasts). 70% of laboratories do not report the erythrocyte and leukocyte related parameters available on the new analyzers. Specific reference intervals for gender and age are adopted by 68% of the laboratories, but only 50% have instrument-specific intervals. 83% of the laboratories include interpretative comments in the report, but only in less than half of them these are harmonized according to the recent available recommendations. 83% of the laboratories have a shared document to manage critical values, that are communicated to the requesting physician by 90% of the laboratories.<br />Discussion: activities promoted by the SIBioC Hematology working group to harmonize the hematological report have been effective on traditional parameters reporting with a substantial improvement compared to the 2014 survey. Two issues remain however unresolved: the inclusion of interpretative comments and of the recent available parameters in the report.</p>
Biochimica Clinica ; 44(2) 129-142
Contributi Scientifici - Scientific Papers
 
La diagnosi di malaria: ruolo dell’esame emocromocitometrico nello screening
The diagnosis of malaria: the role of the haematology analyzers as first level screening
R. Rolla  |  G. Da Rin  |  V. Granero  |  F. Dima  |  A. Fanelli  |  S. Francione  |  C. Ortolani  |  S. Pipitone  |  S. Buoro  | 
<p>The diagnosis of malaria: the role of the haematology analyzers as first level screening. Malaria is one of the three most common infectious diseases worldwide, and is caused mainly by four species of Plasmodium: P. falciparum, P. vivax, P. malariae and P. ovale. The disease is endemic in developing countries but it is also gradually involving Western Countries like Italy. Albeit in 1970 the World Health Organization has included Italy among the malaria-free countries, malaria has become the most frequently imported tropical disease.&nbsp; Microscopic examination of the peripheral blood smear is the gold standard for diagnosing malaria. Although this test is quick, cheap and readily applicable, it has also some drawbacks such as low sensitivity and the need of qualified personnel. Therefore, an effective screening test for detecting malaria in cases with low clinical suspicion or characterized by non-specific symptoms is increasingly necessary, especially in Countries where the disease is not endemic. A new generation of hematological analyzers, whose performance may be potentially useful for the screening of subjects with suspected malaria infection has made available. Many fully-automated hematological analyzers, using different techniques (optical-cytochemical, optical fluorescence, multiangle polarized dispersion and volume-conductance-scatter), can now identify the presence of the malarial parasites in peripheral blood, producing specific cell distributions. The blood count can hence be regarded as a new diagnostic opportunity in malaria infection, since it is one of the basic investigations performed in febrile patients, and is also a simple and fast test, that can be performed in virtually all clinical laboratories.</p>
Biochimica Clinica ; 42(3) 191-209
Rassegne - Reviews
 
Citometria a flusso ed ematologia oncologica: un matrimonio sempre valido
Flow cytometry and oncohematology: a relationship bound to last
C. Ortolani  |  B. Canonico  |  S. Papa  | 
<p>The contribution of flow cytometry to the&nbsp;diagnosis and follow-up of hematological neoplasms is of paramount importance and cannot be overstressed. Today,&nbsp;this relationship is not questioned and it is unlikely that the new molecular techniques will be able to replace it shortly.&nbsp;The reason of this long lasting success relies on the importance of phenotype in the diagnostic work-out, but above all&nbsp;on the flexibility of the technique, which is able to produce clinically relevant information in different situations, using&nbsp;smart fluorescence-based methods.</p>
Biochimica Clinica ; 40(3) 244-254
Opinioni - Opinions