Maria Stella Graziani

Deputy Director
Martina Zaninotto

Associate Editors
Ferruccio Ceriotti
Davide Giavarina
Bruna Lo Sasso
Giampaolo Merlini
Martina Montagnana
Andrea Mosca
Paola Pezzati
Rossella Tomaiuolo
Matteo Vidali

International Advisory Board Khosrow Adeli Canada
Sergio Bernardini Italy
Marcello Ciaccio Italy
Eleftherios Diamandis Canada
Kjell Grankvist Sweden
Hans Jacobs The Netherlands
Eric Kilpatrick UK
Magdalena Krintus Poland
Giuseppe Lippi Italy
☩Howard Morris Australia
Mario Plebani Italy
Sverre Sandberg Norway
Ana-Maria Simundic Croatia
☩Jill Tate Australia
Tommaso Trenti Italy
Cas Weykamp The Netherlands
Maria Willrich USA
Paul Yip Canada

Biomedia srl
Via L. Temolo 4, 20126 Milano

Responsible Editor
Giuseppe Agosta

Editorial Secretary
Arianna Lucini Paioni
Biomedia srl
Via L. Temolo 4, 20126 Milano
Tel. 0245498282
email: biochimica.clinica@sibioc.it

Area soci
Non possiedi o non ricordi la password!
Clicca qui

BC: Articoli scritti da A. Crippa

Conteggio e contenuto di emoglobina reticolocitario in un caso di grave anemia
Reticulocyte count and hemoglobin content in a case of severe anemia
<p>A 4 years old child from Sry Lanka was admitted in our hospital after several blood transfusions for severe anemia in her country. Very low hemoglobin (65 g/L) and ferritin (&lt;1 ng/mL) concentrations were detected, consistent with iron deficiency anemia. The reticulocyte count and the hemoglobin content (Ret-He) were low (49,20x10<sup>9</sup>/L and 13.7 pg respectively). An important number of causes of iron deficiency anemia were excluded. The patient was treated with iron infusion for two weeks, with good recovery of hemoglobin levels iron stores, Ret-He and reticulocyte number. The patient was then treated with oral iron supplementation, but a considerable decrease of Ret-He and reticulocyte count was observed, so the infusive therapy was reintroduced. Diagnosis and treatment were optimized by the synergy between the clinical laboratory and pediatricians, utilizing these hematological parameters. The blood transfusions could thus be stopped and the bone marrow biopsy could be avoided. This case demonstrates the importance of the reticulocyte count and the Ret-He in the management of iron deficiency anemia.</p>
Biochimica Clinica ; 41(2) e09-e12
Casi clinici - Case report
Confronto tra l’applicazione “body fluid” di due analizzatori ematologici e il metodo in microscopia ottica per l’analisi cellulare del liquido cefalorachidiano
Comparison between “body fluid” mode of two hematology analyzers and the microscopy method for cellular analysis of the cerebrospinal fluid
M. Seghezzi  |  T. Mecca  |  P. Dominoni  |  E. Lochis  |  C. Saleri  |  B. Manenti  |  A. Crippa  |  S. Buoro  | 
<p>In the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), the white blood cell count (WBC) and cell differentiation in mononuclear (MN) and polymorphonuclear (PMN) cells are useful tools in the diagnosis of central nervous system disease. We evaluated the analytical performance of the &ldquo;body fluid&rdquo; module of the hematology analyzers Mindray BC-6800 and Sysmex XN-9000 in the cytometric analysis of the CSF. 110 CSF samples were collected and analyzed with BC-6800, XN-9000 and evaluated by optical microscopy (OM). The diagnostic concordance between each analyzer and OM, as well as between the two analyzers were evaluated.The comparison between each analyzer and OM showed correlation coefficients ranging from 0.65 to 0.99 and bias ranging from 0.06x10<sup>6</sup> cell/L to 19.9x10<sup>6</sup> cell/L. The comparison between BC-6800 and XN-9000 showed a good correlation for total cell counts, WBC, MN and PMN (both in absolute and percentage values) with a correlation coefficient ranging from 0.83 to 0.98 and bias ranging from -0.2 to -43.8x10<sup>6</sup> cell/L. The introduction of automated methods for CSF analysis could be very useful in the routine work of a laboratory analysis.</p>
Biochimica Clinica ; 40(4) 322-327
Contributi scientifici - Scientific Papers
Valutazione analitica della misura di nuovi parametri emocitometrici su analizzatore Sysmex XN-9000
Assessment of the analytical performance of novel parameters of automated blood count on Sysmex XN-9000
<p>Recent technological advancements in laboratory hematology have promoted the introduction of many innovative parameters, which have the potential to enhance the clinical efficiency of this diagnostic area. This study aimed to&nbsp;assess the analytical performance of some of these new parameters available on Sysmex XN-9000 according to the&nbsp;International Council for Standardization in Haematology (ICSH) guidelines. Our evaluation included the assessment&nbsp;of imprecision (both intra- and inter-assay), carryover, sample stability and comparison with optical microscopy. The&nbsp;new red blood cell and platelet parameters displayed CV comprised between 0.7% and 34.6%. The new leukocyte&nbsp;parameters immature granulocyte (IG), hight fluorescence cell and cell population data (CPD) were characterized by&nbsp;CV ranging from 1% to 24%. Carryover was negligible for all parameters. Samples stability showed different trends&nbsp;for the different parameters, especially for CPD, depending on temperature and time of testing. The comparison of&nbsp;IG and nucleated red blood cell (NRBC) enumeration determined with Sysmex XN-9000 and optical microscopy&nbsp;yielded Pearson&rsquo;s correlation coefficients comprised between 0.82 and 0.99. The absolute bias was 0.83% and -0.06% for IG and NRBC, respectively. The results of this evaluation show that the innovative parameters available on&nbsp;Sysmex XN-9000 display, with some exceptions, acceptable performance, in line with data obtained with other&nbsp;analyzers. The results of sample stability studies are helpful to identify the best storage conditions for these&nbsp;parameters.</p>
Biochimica Clinica ; 40(3) 217-224
Contributi scientifici - Scientific Papers
Determinazione degli intervalli di riferimento dell’esame emocromocitometrico eseguito con analizzatore Sysmex XN 9000
Evaluation of reference intervals for complete blood count on Sysmex XN 9000
<p>We aimed to define reference&nbsp;intervals for complete blood count in 240 apparently healthy Italian adults (120 males and 120 females) using Sysmex&nbsp;XN 9000 platform, as recommended by international standards. The recruitment criteria for reference individuals were&nbsp;based on negative anamnesis and physiological serum concentrations of glucose, creatinine, transaminases, ferritin&nbsp;and C-reactive protein. The results were comparable to those previously generated on different European&nbsp;populations. Interesting results were found for some research parameters, for which limited information was available&nbsp;in Italian populations so far. With regard to reticulocyte-related parameters, a significant gender difference was found&nbsp;for reticulocyte hemoglobin, highly fluorescent reticulocyte fraction and delta-He, which represents the difference in&nbsp;hemoglobin content between reticulocytes and erythrocytes. The results also support the reference interval of&nbsp;immature platelet fraction observed in previous studies, except for the absolute value for which larger range and&nbsp;higher values were found. For leukocyte morphological and functional parameters, we were able to define reference&nbsp;intervals in the whole study population as well as in male and female subgroups, since gender-related differences&nbsp;were observed for some parameters.</p>
Biochimica Clinica ; 39(4) 256-263
Contributi scientifici - Scientific Papers
Automated screening of bacterial meningitis by cytofluorimetric analysis of cerebrospinal fluid: preliminary results
<p>This study was planned to assess the diagnostic performance of the automated urine particle analyzer Sysmex UF-1000i for the rapid screening of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in patients with suspected meningitis. Cytometric analyses&nbsp;with either optical microscopy (OM) or UF-1000i, along with assessment of glucose and protein in CSF, were performed&nbsp;on 101 consecutive CSF of patients with suspected meningitis. In 50 out of 101 samples, cultural analysis was also&nbsp;performed with different culture media. Four different diagnostic combination were developed, with different mix of the&nbsp;tested parameters. A high correlation was found between OM and UF-1000i (r=0.99; mean bias, -4.9/&mu;L). The&nbsp;diagnostic agreement was 0.90 in adults and 0.97 in children. The diagnostic agreement between CSF culture and&nbsp;bacterial count by UF-1000i was 0.98, with 1.00 sensitivity and 0.98 specificity. Results showed that the diagnostic&nbsp;combination based on CSF glucose and total proteins, cytometric analysis (leukocyte count &plusmn; neutrophilia) and&nbsp;bacterial count on UF1000i exhibited the best performance when compared with microbiological examination (area&nbsp;under ROC curve, 1.00). In conclusion, the results of this study show that the combination of two rapid clinical&nbsp;chemistry tests such as glucose and total proteins with UF-1000i analysis could represent a valid approach for&nbsp;supporting more complex analyses or even for replacing OM and CSF culture during stat examination and to achieve&nbsp;a quick detection of central nervous system infections.</p>
Biochimica Clinica ; 38(3) 208-212
Contributi scientifici - Scientific Papers